A child or young person has SEN if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for
special educational provision to be made for him or her.
A child of compulsory school age or a young person has a learning difficulty or disability if he
● has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same
● has a disability which prevents or hinders him or her from making use of facilities of a
kind generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream schools or
mainstream post-16 institutions.
For children aged two or more, special educational provision is educational or training
provision that is additional to or different from that made generally for other children or young
people of the same age by mainstream schools, maintained nursery schools, mainstream
post-16 institutions or by relevant early years providers.
For a child under two years of age, special educational provision means educational
provision of any kind.
When does an SEND learner become ‘High Needs’ or need an EHC
High Needs funding is available when the resources normally available to the school have
been exceeded. The normally available resources include:
● £6,000 per year of support from the school budget.
● Services readily available to the school that do not have to be separately funded by
the school. You will see the SEND services listed in the sections which follow.
EHC Plans are for learners with High Needs who, despite the school having taken relevant
and purposeful action to identify, assess and meet the SEN of the learner, have not made
expected progress. Only a small number SEND learners will require an EHC Plan. Not all
assessments for an EHC Plan will lead to an agreement to create a Plan. In Northumberland
all funding and services and *resources are available to SEND learners whether or not they
have an EHC Plan: an EHC Plan does not lead to additional resources.
*One exception: an EHC Plan is needed to access a specialist school place.